We discuss the architecture, implementation and testing of a simplicial Cellular Neural Network (CNN) vector processor core aimed at vision oriented intelligent Internet-of-Things (IoT) devices. The architecture comprises a linear array of 64 processing elements (PE), each connected to a 4 neighbor clique operating on 8-bit input and state data. A 3-bit simplicial parameter, allows multilevel function approximation and extends the functionality over previously reported chips. Input data vectors are stored in two 64 × 64 × 8 -bit data caches. The chip is synthesized from a custom designed ultra low voltage CMOS library and fabricated in a 55nm CMOS technology. Dynamic voltage/frequency scaling allows operation at power supplies between 0.5 and 1.2 Volts allowing for a tradeoff between speed and power. The fabricated chip achieves an overall performance of 7.05 TOPS/W at 732fps, with a dynamic energy efficiency of 12.2fJ per operation (OP) at 1.2 Volts.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||IEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems II: Express Briefs|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jul 2020|
- Cellular neural networks
- Vector processors
- Image edge detection