Plant stress monitoring is of crucial importance to understand the plant response to environmental conditions, and has been widely applied in various fields including biology, agronomy, botany, and horticulture. A number of methods and instruments for plant stress monitoring have been proposed, most of which show significant disadvantages such as high cost, poor accuracy or complex operation that limit the use of such devices. In this paper, we propose a low cost, portable active multispectral optical device for precise plant stress detection and field mapping named Plant-O-Meter. The device has an integrated multispectral source that comprises light sources of the four most indicative wavelengths (850, 630, 535 and 465 nm), and enables simultaneous illumination of the whole plant. Sequential illumination and detection provide rapid reflectance measurements, which are wirelessly transmitted to android operated devices for processing and data storing. The device was tested in laboratory conditions comparing the Plant-O-Meter measurements with the image results from a SPECIM hyperspectral camera and a GreenSeeker handheld device and under field conditions with the GreenSeeker. The comparison revealed comparable performance, showing strong correlation with both the hyperspectral (R2 = 0.997) and the GreenSeeker handheld (R2 = 0.954 from the laboratory measurements and R2 = 0.886 from the field experiments), indicating that the device exhibits strong potential for accurate plant stress measurements. Moreover, owing to the very simple operating principle, the device represents a compact, cost-effective, and easy-to-operate solution.
|Number of pages||308|
|Journal||Computers and Electronics in Agriculture|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2019|